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All About Conjunctions in Speech Therapy

Updated: 6 days ago

Hi friend!

This post is a quick overview of conjunctions and why they're important for language comprehension and expression.

A conjunction is a word that connects parts of a sentence together.

There are several kinds of conjunctions:

  • Coordinating conjunctions

  • Subordinating conjunctions

  • Correlative conjunctions

  • Conjunctive adverbs

Conjunctions affect several different types of speech goals. Here are some examples:

🌟 Utterance expansion. Conjunctions make sentences longer and more complex, making them a key component of working on utterance expansion goals. 

🌟 Responding to wh- questions (e.g. Why did the house break? The house broke because....)

🌟 Formulating compound sentences

🌟 Formulating complex sentences

🌟 Retelling stories, narrative generation

🌟 Summarizing


A coordinating conjunction is a word that combines two words, phrases or sentences.

Using coordinating conjunctions:

  • helps to present information succinctly

  • supports summarizing skills

  • makes what you say less choppy

  • shows relationships between thoughts, ideas, actions, people

Coordinating conjunctions are for, and, nor, but, or, yet, and so. You can remember these (and help your students to remember them) with the acronym FANBOYS.

  • For - explains why

  • And - to make two similar points, to connect two items

  • Nor - to make two similar negative points

  • But - to show contrast

  • Or - to provide an alternative

  • Yet - to show contrast in spite of something

  • So - to show the result of something, to explain or give a reason for something

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A subordinating conjunction is a word or phrase that combines one independent clause and one dependent clause.

Using subordinating conjunctions:

  • provide an explanation

  • communicates time

  • gives more information about the sentences main idea

  • provides a cause and effect relationship

  • changes the time and place of 2 clauses

There are many subordinating conjunctions: after, although, as, as if, because, before, how, if, since, than, though, unless, until, when, where and while.

correlative CONJUNCTIONS

Correlative conjunctions are conjunctions used to illustrate how two words or phrases within a sentence relate to each other.

Correlative conjunctions always come in pairs. Here are some common ones:

CONJUNCTIve adverbs

Conjunctive adverbs are transition words or phrases. Conjunctive adverbs are also called connective adverbs or linking adverbs.

Here are some common conjunctive adverbs and their purposes or uses:

  • Addition - additionally, also, besides, furthermore, moreover

  • Consequence - consequently, accordingly, therefore, thus

  • Comparison - alternatively, similarly, likewise

  • Contrast - if not, however, nevertheless, otherwise, conversely

  • Emphasis - certainly, definitely, indeed, of course, naturally

  • Clarification - for example, for instance, namely, i.e., notably

If you're looking for ideas on how you can target conjunctions using books in literacy-based therapy sessions, check out this blog post.

Hope that helps! 😊


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